Humanitarian/Disaster Response & Management
Introduction: Flooding is among the most prevalent natural hazards affecting people around the world, especially in Africa. The average number of climate and weather related disasters has increased by nearly 35percent. Over the past decades alone, 83percent of all disasters were caused by extreme weather and climate related events that killed 410,100 people and affected 1.7 billion people globally. The Africa continent alone experienced over 2000 major disasters event during the last three decades with most of them been extreme weather, climatic-induced disasters such as floods,landslides, storms,cyclones.
According to International federation of Red cross and crescent societies, within a month in the year 2020(between August and September) more than 1 21 million people in 12 different countries have been affected by floods across Africa and many other countries are currently experiencing more widespread rainfall than usual in the long rain season leading to trans boundary flooding in several areas.
Recently, Burundi, Somalia, Kenya Sierra Leone, and Ethiopia experienced huge flood leading to loss of lives, shelters and properties. In Kenya,rains led to the displacement of over 100000 people and 194 people lost their lives. In Ethiopia,rains affected over 200000 people and caused 8 deaths. In Sierra Leone, more than 1000 people were displaced by storm in Kailahun District in June 2021.
- ACEF intend to respond to the needs of affected countries, communities and regions with the focus on shelter, healthcare and relief materials which will be closely monitored by the leadership of ACEF.
- ACEF will seek the support of World meteorological Organisations to implement Africa framework for climatic services project to support disaster prone countries, communities to build their resilience to climate-related disasters using climatic information products and services.
- ACEF will involve in Pre-disaster planning and readiness campaign.
- Preparedness for effective response: engagement to strengthen response capacities using the preparedness for effective response(PER) approach.