Africa Climate and Environment Foundation (ACEF) is an International non-profit organisation that was founded on March 31st 2021 with headquarters in Limbe- Cameroon. It is the brainchild of Enow Tambe Honourine, a Cameroonian currently residing in Ghent-Belgium. E.T. Honourine founded ACEF in order to address issues relating to Poverty, Climate Change, Biodiversity Loss, Inequality, Illiteracy, Environmental Degradation, healthcare, among others.
Water, Hygiene & Sanitation
Water is a precious natural resource, vital for life, development and environment (UN WATER/ AFRICA). Access to clean water is also considered a basic human right. Depending on how it occurs and how it is managed, water can be a matter of life and death. When too much or too little, it can bring destruction, misery or death.
In sub-Saharan Africa, women and girls spend an estimated 40 billion hours a year collecting water. An estimated 400 million school days are lost each year due to water-related diseases, with 272 million lost to diarrhoea alone. A staggering 784 million people around the globe are without basic water access. 40% of this figure live in sub-Saharan Africa ( globalciticen.org). More people die from unsafe water than from all forms of violence, including war. Diarrhoea disease, caused primarily by unsafe water and poor sanitation kill more children under 5 years old than malaria, AIDS and measles combined (lifewater.org).
Climate Change Mitigation & Adaptation
Climate change is impacting human lives and health in a variety of ways. It threatens the essential ingredients of good health - clean air, safe drinking water, nutritious food supply, shelter-and has the potential to undermine decades of progress in global health (WHO). Over the last 50 years, human activities-particularly the burning of fossil fuels-have released sufficient quantities of carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gases to trap additional heat in the lower atmosphere and affect the global climate. This is more evident in the fact that the world has warmed by approximately 0.85oC in the last 130 years. Each of the last 3 decades has been successively warmer than any preceding decade since 1830(1). The sustainability of the planet’s ecosystems is under threat, as well as the future of humankind and the stability of the global economy.
Solid Waste Management
Current waste management practices in Africa are causing economic, social and environmental impacts. There is an urgent need for African Counties to address current waste management challenges. Some wastes will eventually rot, but not all, and in the process it may smell, or generate methane gas, which is explosive and contributes to the greenhouse effect. The rate of solid waste generation has increased to a devastating and uncontrollable rate in Africa as a result of human daily and economic activities. Although, the issue of indiscriminate solid waste disposal is an almost a global one, modernization, high standard of living, increase in population and excessive urbanization over the years has drastically contributed to the generation of waste, through industrial and domestic activities.
Nature Conservation & Restoration
Forest and water resources are continually being exploited across the African continent. It is a well-known fact that forest keep our climate stable, absorb carbon dioxide and releasing oxygen, and they regulate our water supply and improve its quality. Unfortunately, human impacts have already led to the loss of around 40% of the world’s forests. There is too much pressure on the forests in Africa. In Cameroon for instance, in the year 2002, annual production of timber was around two million cubic metres over a surface area of some 300,000 hectares. In Ghana, there are evidences of illegal logging operations. Ghana’s forests are disappearing rapidly, primarily due to logging, commercial logging for export and the domestic market. Mali’s primary energy source is wood and overcutting for fuel is a serious problem.
Access to Education & Healthcare
Health care in sub-Saharan Africa remains the worst in the world, with few countries able to spend the $34 to $40 a year per person that the World Health Organization (WHO) considers the minimum for basic health care. More than 90% of the estimated 300-500 million malaria cases that occur worldwide every year are in Africans, mainly in children under five years of age ( WHO).
In 2015 for instance, an estimated 1.6 million Africans died of malaria, tuberculosis and HIV-related illnesses ( Africa Renewal). These diseases can be prevented or treated with timely access to appropriate and affordable medicines, vaccines and other health services. In many areas, the people lack access to basic healthcare , leaving them vulnerable to death from simple illnesses that could be cured.
Hunger & Poverty Alleviation
Poverty, aside from making life a struggle for those mired in it, impacts entire economies. A country with 80% of its population lacking access to financial services will not progress (finca.org).
Unfortunately, Africa as a continent is extremely poor. According to International Futures ( IFs), Sub-Saharan Africa accounts for roughly 60% of the global population living in poverty in 2020 and it is expected that Africa will represent approximately 87% of the global poor by 2030. Africa is the world's last frontier in the fight against extreme poverty. Today, one in three Africans live below the global poverty line as they live on less than $1 per day. They represent more than 70% of the world's poorest people.
Food & Agriculture
Agriculture is Africa's engine for growth. It accounts for nearly 1/4 of the continent's GDP and employs almost 2/3 of its labour force, which is dominated by smallholders who farm for subsistence or grow cash crops. ( Arcus foundation) . Being the economic mainstay of the continent, agriculture contributes an average of 30 to 60 per cent of the Gross Domestic Product for each country, and about 30% of the value of exports ( britannica.com).
Nonetheless, arable land and land under permanent crops occupy only about 6% of Africa's total land area. With only a few exceptions, agriculture in Africa has been largely confined to subsistence farming and has been considerably dependent on the inefficient system of shifting cultivation , in which land is temporarily cultivated with simple implements until its fertility decreases and then abandoned for a time to allow the soil to regenerate.
Humanitarian/Disaster Response & Management
Flooding is among the most prevalent natural hazards affecting people around the world, especially in Africa. The average number of climate and weather related disasters has increased by nearly 35percent. Over the past decades alone, 83percent of all disasters were caused by extreme weather and climate related events that killed 410,100 people and affected 1.7 billion people globally. The Africa continent alone experienced over 2000 major disasters event during the last three decades with most of them been extreme weather, climatic-induced disasters such as floods,landslides, storms,cyclones.
Access to Energy
Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) has the lowest energy access rates in the world. Electricity reaches only about half of its people, while clean cooking only one-third; roughly 600 million people lack electricity and 890 million cooks with traditional fuels (IEA, 2018). Though the continent is rich in renewable energy sources, which include hydro, sun, wind, Geothermal and waste to energy (WtE) but these forms of energy are not fully exploited due to the lack of resources, human capacity, and technology. Lack of clean cooking burdens economies and limits human productivity for the region’s population. This welfare cost is born largely by women and children through premature death and sickness.
To campaign against traditions that work against equal opportunity for women, therefore hindering efforts towards sustainable development based on the emancipation of the gilr child. In Africa, we have a proverb that if you educate a woman, who educate an entire village.